Effects of Two Modes of Computer Assisted Instruction on Pupils’ Achievement and Retention in English Language Spelling in Niger State- Nigeria
Dr. Aniah Anthony , Sani Shahid Anka
The study investigated the effects of two modes of Computer Assisted Tutorial, Drill and Practice Instructional packages (CAI) on Pupils Achievement and Retention in English Language Spelling in Niger State. Findings show that CAI Tutorial, drill and practice packages mode strategy of instruction enhanced achievement and retention of English language spelling. The study adopted quasi–experimental design. Purposive sampling was used to select six schools from the seven educational zones in Niger State. The study sample comprised of 87 males and 93 females. Experimental groups were taught with CAI Tutorial, Drill and Practice packages while Control group was taught with lecture method. Six research questions and six hypotheses guided the study. English Language Achievement Test (ELAT) was used for data collection. The CAI packages and ELAT were face validated by experts while the reliability was established using Kuder Richardson (KR 20) analysis and the reliability coefficient was found to be r = 0.74. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyze the research questions while analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used in the testing of the hypotheses. It is recommended that, curriculum planners should infuse CAI packages into English language programmes so that primary school teachers’ can use it to teach English language concepts.
Achievement, CAI modes, Effects, English Language Spelling, Retention.
 Federal Ministry of Education, National Policy on Education – 4th edition. NERDC Press Lagos: 2009.
 D. C. U. Okoro, Basic education- emerging issues, challenges and constraints in the state of education in Nigeria. A Publication of UNESCO Nigeria, Abuja Office.  pp 34-51.
 C. O. O. Kolawole, An examination of national language policy Nigeria and its’ implications for teaching and learning of English language. Ibadan Journal of Education Studies. 2(1), , pp12-20.
 U. Y. Adama, Availability and utilization of instructional materials in the teaching and learning of English language in senior secondary schools in Bida, Niger State. An Unpulished M.Tech project, Federal University of Technology, Minna. .
 A. A. Onwumere, The integration and use of computer assisted instruction (CAI) to enhance understanding in learning and competency in use of English language in primary schools in Nigeria. Proceedings of the 33RD Annual Convention and International Conference on Instructional Delivery Through ICT, Nigeria Association for Educational Media and Technology held on 8th-12th October, . College of Education Oyo, Oyo State. pp 45-55.
 NTI, National Teachers’ Institute Kaduna. Manual for the re-training of English language primary school teachers.  pp 23.
 D. I. Wushishi, K. I. Danjuma, & H. Usman, Effect of concept mapping modes on sec school students’ retention level in mathematics in Niger State, Nigeria. Journal of Research and Method in Education, (IOSE- JRME). . 2 (5) pp 55-58.
 A. Yusuf, Effects of cooperative and competitive instructional strategies on junior secondary school students’ performance in social studies, in Ilorin, Nigeria. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis, Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology, University of Ilorin, Nigeria. .
 A. Abdullah, H. Jebreen, A. Aieman, & S. Sadeq, The effect of computer assisted language learning in teaching English grammar on achievement of students in Jordan. The International Arab Journal of Information technology.  6(4), pp 431-439.
 R. C. Mishra, Teaching of information technology. New Delhi: APH Publishing Corporation. .
 A. Alongkorn, N. Wiphasith, P. Nipon, & S. Tonglan, Developing a computer assisted instruction with drill and practice for English teaching to primary school grade six students with hearing impaired. Journal of the Computer, the Internet and Management. 22, pp47-53.
 M. I. Chado, Development and use of a computer- assisted instruction package for teaching metal forging technology at Nigerian Certificate of Education (Technical) Level. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis Bauchi: Abukar Tafawa Barewa University. .
 A. F. Naobi, Enhancing students’ performance in using computer assisted instruction (CAI) in tertiary institution. In Akale, Mag (Ed).Proceedings of the 44th Annual Conference of Science teachers Association of Nigeria (STAN). .
 G. K. Ezekoka, Effect of gender on use of computer in teaching and learning process. Proceedings from 31st Annual Convention and National Conference of Nigeria Association of Educational Media and Technology (NAEMT) held at Niger State College Education, Minna 20th -26th September. .
[Dr. Aniah Anthony , Sani Shahid Anka (2020) Effects of Two Modes of Computer Assisted Instruction on Pupils’ Achievement and Retention in English Language Spelling in Niger State- Nigeria IJIRCST Vol-8 Issue-3 Page No-231-241] (ISSN 2347 - 5552). www.ijircst.org
Dr. Aniah Anthony
Senior Lecturer, Department of Educational Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna Niger State, Nigeria. (e-mail: email@example.com )