Optimum Conditions for Mercerization of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fibre
Osoka, E.C. , Onukwuli, O.D.
Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber was treated with a solution of 2wt% - 10wt% NaOH for 30mins - 150mins and the Tensile Strength, Toughness, Modulus of Elasticity, Yield Strength and Ductility were studied using response surface methodology. The results reveal that mercerization of oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber increases the Modulus of Elasticity up to eighteen times, the yield strength about eight times, Tensile strength about six times and Toughness about six times. The optimum concentration and time for most of the mechanical properties was a NaOH concentration of 6wt% and treatment time of 90mins. Treatment time has the most significant effect on fiber mechanical properties among the two properties studied. The optimum NaOH concentration and time from this study is recommended for mercerization of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber prior to use in composite manufacture.
 D. Ray, B.K. Sarkar, A.K. Rana and N.R. Bose, Bulletin of Materials Science, 24, pp. 129-135 (2001).
 M.Y. Hashim, M.N. Roslan, A.M. Amin, A.M.A. Zaidi and S. Ariffin, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 68, pp. 1638-1644 (2012).
 S. Mishra, M. Misra, S.S. Tripathy, S.K. Nayak and A.K. Mohanty, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 20, pp. 321-334 (2001).
 K. Joseph, L.H.C. Mattoso, R.D. Toledo, S. Thomas, L.H. de Carvalho, L. Pothen, S. Kala and B. James in “Natural Polymers and Agrofibers Composites”, 1st ed. (E. Frollini, A.L. Leão and L.H.C. Mattoso Eds.), pp. 159-201, Embrapa Agricultural Instrumentation, Brazil, 2000.
 J. Gassan and A.K. Bledzki, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 71, pp. 623-629 (1999).
 S. Mishra, S.S. Tripathy, M. Misra, A.K. Mohanty and S.K. Nayak 2002, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 21, pp. 55-70 (2002).
 M.S. Sreekala, M.G. Kumaran, S. Joseph, M. Jacob and S. Thomas, Applied Composite Materials, 7, pp. 295-329 (2000).
 B. Wang, M. Sc. Dissertation, University of Saskatchewan, Canada, 2004.
 S. Taj, M.A. Munawar and S. Khan, Proceedings of Academic Science, 44, pp. 129-144 (2007).
 S. Kalia, B.S. Kaith and I Kaur, Polymer Engineering and Science, 47, pp. 1253-12725 (2009).
 H. Ku, H. Wang, N. Pattarachaiyakoop and M. Trada, Composites: Part B: Engineering, 42, pp. 856- 873 (2011).
 A. B. Wlodek, M. Koziol and J. Myalski (2012). Influence of surface treatment on the wetting process of jute fibers with thermosetting polyester resin. Polish Journal of Chemical Technology 14(1):21-27 (2012).
[Osoka, E.C., Onukwuli, O.D. (2015), Optimum Conditions for Mercerization of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fibre, International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer Science & Technology (IJIRCST), Vol-3, Issue-4, Page No-50-56], (ISSN 2347 - 5552). www.ijircst.org
Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria, +2348036770317, (e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org)